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Extracting a seizure intensity index from one-channel EEG signal using bispectral and detrended fluctuation analysis

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DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2010.33034    4,631 Downloads   9,438 Views   Citations


Epilepsy is a medical condition that produces seizures affecting a variety of mental and physical functions. Seizures can last from a few seconds to a few minutes. They can have many symptoms, from convulsions and loss of consciousness to blank staring, lip smacking, or jerking movements of arms and legs. If early warning signals of an upcoming seizure (diagnosis of preictal period) are detected, proper treatment can be applied to the patient to help prevent the seizure. In this research, an epileptic disorder has been divided into three subsets: Normal, Preictal (just before the seizure), and Ictal (during seizure). By using Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA), Bispectral Analysis (BIS), and Standard Deviation (SD) three features from single-channel EEG signals have been derived in the foresaid groups. A fuzzy classifier is used to separate the three groups which can successfully separate them with a separation degree of 100% and further a fuzzy inference engine is used to extract a Seizure Intensity Index (SII) from the Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals of the three different states. One can apparently see the distinction of SII amounts between the three states. It is more important when one remembers that these results are just from single-channel EEG signal.

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Hosseini, P. , Shalbaf, R. and Nasrabadi, A. (2010) Extracting a seizure intensity index from one-channel EEG signal using bispectral and detrended fluctuation analysis. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 3, 253-261. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2010.33034.


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