Share This Article:

Analysis of Thermal Behavior of Materials in the Building Envelope Using Building Information Modeling (BIM)—A Case Study Approach

Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:12433KB) PP. 88-106
DOI: 10.4236/ojee.2016.53009    808 Downloads   1,083 Views  


Building envelope is a fence that controls heat exchange between interior and exterior and plays an essential role in providing thermal comfort conditions of residents. In recent years, due to the necessity of conserving energy and also preventing increased environmental pollution, the importance of sustainable construction has been doubled. Checking the problems of thermal behavior of the building envelope materials, and what influences in the heating and cooling loads exerted and energy consumption of buildings, are the questions that this research seeks to answer. In this regard, building information modelling analysis (BIM) has worthy contribution in the completion process of sustainable design; thus using software Design Builder, it is paid attention to simulation of the thermal behavior of two types of defined materials for the building envelope that was designed as a Research Institute of Renewable Energy of Yazd University. For Type 1 materials, two layers of brick have been selected, and for Type 2 a thermal insulation layer also added it. Results of the analysis showed that the use of materials Type 2 in the cooling load %4.8 and in the thermal load %62.5 reduction can be achieved which means reducing the load on active system and thus reducing the initial cost of building. Also reduction in annual energy consumption by almost %2.4 for cooling and %62.9 for heating buildings have been achieved, which makes saving non-renewable energy consumption, and consequently reducing environmental pollution as well as reducing current costs will be established.

Cite this paper

Anbouhi, M. , Farahza, N. and Ayatollahi, S. (2016) Analysis of Thermal Behavior of Materials in the Building Envelope Using Building Information Modeling (BIM)—A Case Study Approach. Open Journal of Energy Efficiency, 5, 88-106. doi: 10.4236/ojee.2016.53009.


[2] Farshaidanfar, A. (2008) Modern Air Conditioning Practice Fundamental Design of Heat Exchanger. Ferdowsi University Press, Mashhad, Iran, 33-39.
[3] World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) Our Common Future. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York.
[4] Szokolay, S.V. (2008) Introduction to Architectural Science: The Basis of Sustainable Design, Architectural Press, Oxford
[5] Zimmermann, M., Althaus, H.J. and Haas, A. (2005) Benchmarks for Sustainable Construction: A Contribution to Develop a Standard. Energy and Buildings, 37, 1147.
[6] Mahmoudi, M. (2012) Housing Development in Agreement with Sustainable Development. University of Tehran Press, Tehran, 4.
[7] Eastman, C., Eastman, C.M., Teicholz, P. and Sacks, R. (2011) BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners, Managers, Designers, Engineers and Contractors. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken.
[8] Lechner, N. (2015) Heating, Cooling, Lighting: Sustainable Design Methods for Architects. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, 23.
[9] Smith, S. (2007) Using BIM for Sustainable Design.
[10] Niewoehner, D. (2010) BIM and Life-Cycle Analysis Help Determine Value of Green Strategies. Laboratory Design, 2, 3-7.
[11] Schlueter, A. (2009) Building Information Model Based Energy/Exergy Performance Assessment in Early Design Stages. Automation in Construction, 2, 153-163.
[12] Stumpf, A., Kim, H. and Jenicek, E. (2009) Early Design Energy Analysis Using BIMS (Building Information Models). Building a Sustainable Future, Proceedings of the 2009 Construction Research Congress, Seattle, Washington, 44.
[13] Welland, R.A. (2009) The Intersection of BIM and Sustainable Design. Structure Magazine, 16-17.
[14] Krygiel, E. and Bradley, N. (2008) Green BIM: Successful Sustainable Design with Building Information Modeling. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Canada, 26-27.
[15] Soltani, S. (2016) The Contributions of Building Information Modelling to Sustainable Construction. World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET), 4, 193-199.
[16] Wong, K.D. and Fan, Q. (2013) Building Information Modelling (BIM) for Sustainable Building Design. Facilities, 31, 138-157.
[18] Watson, D. and Labs, K. (1983) Climate Design: Energy Efficient Building Principles and Practices. McGraw-Hill, New York, 37.
[19] Givoni, B. (1998) Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design. Van Nostrand Reinhold, the USA.
[20] De Saulles, T. (2011) Thermal Mass Explained. TCC (The Concrete Center), Surrey.
[21] Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE) (2010) Your Home: Technical Manual. 4th Edition, Commonwealth of Australia.
[22] Gregory, K., Moghtaderi, B. and Sugo, H. (2008) Effect of Thermal Mass on the Thermal Performance of Various Australian Residential Constructions Systems. Energy and Buildings, 40, 459-465.
[23] Balaras, C.A. (1996) The Role of Thermal Mass on the Cooling Load of Buildings. An Overview of Computational Methods. Energy and Buildings, 24, 1-10.
[24] McMullan, R. (2012) Environmental Science in Building. 7th Edition, Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
[26] ASHRAE Standard 55 (2010) Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy. ASHRAE, Atlanta.
[27] Fishman, D.S. and Pimbert, S.L. (1979) Survey of Subjective Responses to the Thermal Environment in Offices Indoor Climate. Danish Building Research Institute Copenhagen, Denmark.
[28] Sadegiravesh, M. and Tabatabi, M. (2008) Determining the Thermal Comfort Rang in the Hot Arid Climate. HoviateShahr, 9, 39-46.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.