The Incidence of Rotavirus and Adenovirus Infections among Children with Diarrhea in Sulaimani Province, Iraq

Download Download as PDF (Size:310KB)  HTML   XML  PP. 124-131  
DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2016.41015    2,145 Downloads   2,458 Views  

ABSTRACT

Human rotavirus and adenovirus infections are major causes of acute outbreaks and sporadic cases of gastroenteritis, occurring primarily among children less than 5 years of age. Little is known about the epidemiology of rotavirus and enteric adenovirus infections in Sulaimani and Iraq. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical significance of rotavirus and enteric adenovirus gastroenteritis and also to determine possible risk factors for rotavirus and adenovirus gastroenteritis using new simple rapid screening test (VIKIA ROTA AND ADENO). This is a qualitative test based on the immunochromatography technique. In the study, one hundred children less than 5 years of age with acute gastroenteritis admitted to Sulaimani Paediatric Hospital were studied. Rotavirus was identified in 22% of the children, adenovirus was identified in 3% of the children, and mixed rotavirus and adenovirus was identified in 2% of the children. All positive cases were younger than 2 years of age. The findings show that rotavirus is most commonly detected. However, there were no significant associations between rotavirus and adenovirus and gender, type of feeding, geographical distribution, the source of drinking water, and the past history of admission to hospital.

Cite this paper

Jaff, D. , Aziz, T. and Smith, N. (2016) The Incidence of Rotavirus and Adenovirus Infections among Children with Diarrhea in Sulaimani Province, Iraq. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 4, 124-131. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2016.41015.

References

[1] Celik, C., Gozel, M.G., Turkay, H., et al. (2015) Rotavirus and Adenovirus Gastroenteritis: Time Series Analysis. Pediatrics International, 57, 590-596.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.12592
[2] Money, N.N., Maves, R.C., Sebeny, P., et al. (2011) Enteric Disease Surveillance under TEH AFHSC-GEIS: Current Efforts, Landscape Analysis and Vision Forward. BMC Public Health, 11, 572-511.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-S2-S7
[3] Levinson, W. (2004) Medical Microbiology & Immunology, Examination & Board Review. 8th Edition, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 281-282, 255-256.
[4] Nguyen, T.V., Van, P.L., Huy, C.L. and Weintraub, A. (2004) Diarrhoea Caused by Rotavirus in Children Less than 5 Years of Age in Hanoi, Vietnam. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 42, 5745-5750.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.42.12.5745-5750.2004
[5] Parashar, U.D., Burton, A., Lanata, C., et al. (2009) Global Mortality Associated with Rotavirus Disease among Children in 2004. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 200, S9-S15.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/605025
[6] Sire, J.M., Garin, B., Chartier, L., et al. (2013) Community-Acquired Infectious Diarrhoea in Children under 5 Years of Age in Dakar, Senegal. Paediatrics and International Child Health, 33, 139-144.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/2046905512Y.0000000046
[7] Bonkoungou, I.J., Haukka, K., Osterblad, M., et al. (2013) Bacterial and Viral Etiology of Childhood Diarrhea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. BMC Pediatrics, 13, 1-6.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-13-36
[8] Walker, T.S. (1998) Microbiology. W.B. Saunders Company, 348, 353-356, 404-405.
[9] Ali, G.I., Abdullah, H.I. and Younis, H.M. (2010) Rotavirus Infection in Children Suffering from Gastroenteritis in Kirkuk Province. Tikrit Journal of Pure Science, 15, 174-178.
[10] Al-Marzoqi, A.H., Shemmran, A.R. and Al-Nafee’, M.K. (2010) Role of Rotavirus and Adenovirus in Acute Infantile Gastroenteritis in Infants Younger than One Year of Age in Babylon Province. Journal of Al-Qadisiyah for Pure Science, 15, 1-7.
[11] Salih, N.E. (2009) Rota Virus Association Diarrhea among Children Less Than 5 Years in Mosul City. Tikrit Journal of Pure Science, 14, 76-80.
[12] Al-Sayidi, R.H., Fadhil, H.Y. and Al-Hamdani, F.G. ((2014) Rapid Diagnosis of Rota-Adenoviruses for Acute Gastroenteritis in Hospitalized Children under 4 Years Old, Baghdad. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 3, 453-458.
[13] Schoub, B.D., Greeff, A.S., Lecatsas, G., Prozesky, O.W., et al. (1977) A Microbiological Investigation of Acute Summer Gastroenteritis in Black South African Infants. Journal of Hygiene, 78, 377-385.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022172400056278
[14] Ahmed, H.M., Coulter, J.B., Nakagomi, O., et al. (2006) Molecular Characterization of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis Strains, Iraqi Kurdistan. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12, 824-826.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1205.051422
[15] Khalil, M., Azhar, E. and Kao, M. (2015) Gastroenteritis Attributable to Rotavirus in Hospitalized Saudi Arabian Children in the Period 2007-2008. Clinical Epidemiology, 7, 129-137.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S69502
[16] Motamedifar, M., Amini, E. and Shirazi, P.T. (2013) Frequency of Rotavirus and Adenovirus Gastroenteritis among Children in Shiraz, Iran. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 15, 729-733.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/ircmj.4415
[17] Sharifi-Rad, J., Alfatemi, S.M., Sharifi-Rad, M. and Miri, A. (2015) Frequency of Adenoviruses, Rotaviruses and Noroviruses among Diarrhea Samples Collected from Infants of Zabol, Southeastern Iran. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, 8, 1-4.
[18] Peiris, J.S.M. and Madeley, C.R. (2002) Adenoviruses in Medical Microbiology. In: Greenwood, D., Slack, R.C.B. and Peutherer, J.F., Eds., Medical Microbiology, 16th Edition, Churchill Livingstone, New York.
[19] Roman, E., Wilhelmi, I., Colomina, J., et al. (2003) Acute Viral Gastroenteritis: Proportion and Clinical Relevance of Multiple Infections in Spanish Children. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 52, 435-440.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.05079-0
[20] Jiang, B., Gentsch, J.R. and Glass, R.I. (2002) The Role of Serum Antibodies in the Protection against Rotavirus Disease: An Overview. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 34, 1351-1361.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/340103

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.