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A Phase II Study of Antineoplastons A10 and AS2-1 in Adult Patients with Primary Brain Tumors—Final Report (Protocol BT-09)

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DOI: 10.4236/jct.2015.612116    2,295 Downloads   3,181 Views  

ABSTRACT

Antineoplastons A10 and AS2-1 (ANP) are synthetic derivatives of glutamine, isoglutamine, and phenylacetic acid. In 1993, a phase II clinical trial program began according to protocols based on the initial protocol, BT-06, which was transferred from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Protocol BT-09 was designed for different types of primary brain tumors in adults that were not curable by standard treatment. The study was designed as a single arm, two-stage, phase II trial of ANP as a monotherapy in a high-risk, poor-prognosis population. The total number of registered subjects was 40. The majority of patients were diagnosed with high-grade tumors (N = 33). In this group, 12 patients carried diagnosis of anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) and 11 patients of glioblastoma. In the group of low-grade tumors (N = 7), there were 6 cases of low-grade glioma, and 1 neurocytoma grade 2. A group of 12 patients did not receive any prior treatment, 12 patients had surgical resection only, 5 patients received radiation therapy (RT) only, and 11 patients received both RT and chemotherapy. The median duration of ANP was 16.6 weeks. The median dosage of A10 was 7.16 g/kg/d and AS2-1 was 0.27 g/kg/d. Responses were accessed by gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Objective responses (OR) in all patients were 22.5% and in the AA group were 41.7% of patients. The median progression-free survival (PFS) in the AA group was 5.4 months. The median overall survival (OS) was 12.7 months and OS at 1 and 2 years was 54.5% and 45.5% correspondingly. The treatment was well-tolerated with reversible grade 3 and 4 toxicities in 35% of all patients (N = 40). In conclusion, the study reached efficacy endpoint and ANP was well-tolerated and compared favorably to the current treatment of AA.

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Burzynski, S. , Janicki, T. and Burzynski, G. (2015) A Phase II Study of Antineoplastons A10 and AS2-1 in Adult Patients with Primary Brain Tumors—Final Report (Protocol BT-09). Journal of Cancer Therapy, 6, 1063-1074. doi: 10.4236/jct.2015.612116.

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