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Compressive and Flexural Behaviour of Unstressed Concrete Substructure in Cassava Effluent Contaminated Soils

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DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2015.52024    2,457 Downloads   3,082 Views  

ABSTRACT

Concrete research is gradually shifting from the conventional strength-based approach to durability-centred in the past decade. Durability is the measure of the robustness of constructed facilities against deterioration tendencies. The rate of deterioration is affected by the loading condition, and more importantly the physical and chemical nature of the host environments. This paper reports the experimental investigation of unstressed concrete substructure in the natural (uncontaminated) and cassava’s hydrocyanide effluent-polluted soils on the compressive and flexural strengths of buried concrete specimens for a maximum of 84 days. The compressive strengths of the cubes were tested every 7 days until the 84th day, while the beams were only subjected to third-point loading flexural tests at age 84 days. The compressive strength of concrete specimens in the two soil environments increased, though the trend was lower in the polluted soil. The strength reduced by 2.50% to 9.47% between the 7th and 28th days, but steadily between the 28th and 84th days with strength loss of 9.95% (COV = 2.64%). The load-deflection curves were quadratic for the beams in the two geo-environments. The beams in cyanide-polluted soil lost 34.5% of its flexural stiffness, while its loss of load-carrying capacities at the first crack and ultimate failure was 15.8% and 20% respectively. Higher degree of deterioration is certain for loaded concrete substructures in similar conditions. Hence, prior knowledge of soil chemistry is crucial to determining suitable concrete grade and nominal cover for durable substructural elements.

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Adewuyi, A. , Olaniyi, O. , Olafusi, O. and Fawumi, A. (2015) Compressive and Flexural Behaviour of Unstressed Concrete Substructure in Cassava Effluent Contaminated Soils. Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 5, 239-248. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2015.52024.

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